Ubuntu 18.04 deprecated ifupdown package to configure the network. Instead, they moved to a much more modern application called netplan.
Today I needed to modernize my machine configuration, and I moved from ifupdown configuration to netplan.
I had the following file:
# cat /etc/network/interfaces # The primary network interface auto eth0 iface eth0 inet static address 9.3.3.XX netmask 255.255.255.0 network 184.108.40.206 broadcast 220.127.116.11 gateway 9.3.3.XX # dns-* options are implemented by the resolvconf package, if installed dns-nameservers 9.3.1.YY dns-search foo.bar.ibm.com auto eth2 iface eth2 inet static address 10.1.1.8 netmask 255.255.255.0 mtu 9000 auto eth4 iface eth4 inet static address 192.168.1.8 netmask 255.255.255.0 mtu 9000
Moving to netplan is quite simple, I just moved to:
# cat /etc/netplan/01-netcfg.yaml
network: version: 2 renderer: networkd ethernets: eth0: dhcp4: no addresses: [9.3.3.XX/24] gateway4: 9.3.3.X nameservers: addresses: [9.3.1.YY, 18.104.22.168] eth4: addresses: [10.1.1.8/24] mtu: 9000 eth2: addresses: [192.168.1.8/24] mtu: 9000
After this move, you just need to run netplan apply and you should start to use the newer mechanism.
You can also migrate the scripts from ifupdown to netplan meachnism automatically using netplan ifupdown-migrate command.
PS: If you see errors like `uknown key addrress` means you have something on that block. For example, if I write addresseZ instead of addresses on eth2 block, then I will see the following error points to the ‘eth2‘ line (Line XX below), but in fact, the error would be on line XX + 1 instead of XX
Error in network definition //etc/netplan/01-netcfg.yaml line XX column Y: unknown key addresss